This book is a humble attempt to bring to light some aspects of corruption – the primary menace of our society. Nepal, like any other country, has a history of attempting to control corruption but, unfortunately, Nepal appears tohave become mired in corruption, more and more. Grand corruption schemes are unfolding while petty corruption seems to have become part of every facet of society.
With the devolution of power to the local and provincial levels, corruption, too, seems to have been decentralized. This book contains ten essays on different aspects ofcorruption, ranging from institutions to society, politics,disaster, impunity, and conflict of interest.
The present book takes initial steps toward theorizing corruption. The book begins with a detailed definition of corruption, sketches the history of corruption and describes the measures taken in Nepal to control it. It then goes on to show that corruption is fundamentally socially rather than individually rooted. Another powerful shaper is the allegiance to political party machines that cannot be greased without corruption.
More concretely, the book argues that the existing regime of political parties and electoral financing are key “promoters” of corruption. Maintaining a cadre of political and personal supporters – both at the party and individual levels - not only during the elections but through the years - further contributes to the financial “burden” of a political leader. This burden is generally shouldered by engaging in corruption, often as "donations" in lieu of a promise regarding a specific policy, program, contract, influence with senior political leaders, etc. Similarly, the book regards the pervading condition of impunity as a prime incentive for corruption. - Prof. Chaitanya Mishra